Two international child protection treaties have come into force in Serbia and Kyrgyzstan.
This month, the 1996 Child Protection Convention became binding in Serbia. Meanwhile, the rules of the 1993 Intercountry Adoption Convention were officially enacted in the Central Asian nation of Kyrgyzstan.
The full title of the 1996 treaty is the Hague Convention on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, Recognition, Enforcement and Co-operation in respect of Parental Responsibility and Measures for the Protection of Children. It rules on where a case involving the safety of a child should be heard when there is an international element. The Convention determines which country’s laws should be applicable in such cases and allows an exchange of information between signatories.
It deals with such issues as parental responsibility orders, child contact and whether or not a child should be taken into care.
Serbia initially agreed to the terms of the 1996 Convention back in January. They were the 43rd nation to do so, and now there are 45 signatories.
The 1993 treaty’s full title is the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption. It was created to prevent child trafficking, corruption and abuse in international adoption cases. It also means that adoptions in signatory countries will be legally recognised by others.
Kyrgyzstan, a landlocked nation on China’s western border, became the 97th country to agree to the 1993 Convention back in July. Ninety eight states have now signed the treaty.