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Divorce on the farm

Farming businesses are often a family affair that span generations; fathers, mothers, brothers, sisters, may all have a share in the land and the business. These complex ownerships can pose issues in several areas but nowhere more so than in the breakdown of a relationship or divorce.

Here are our top tips for farmers facing a divorce.

What makes farming divorce cases complicated?

There is no particular difference in how a farm is dealt with by law in a divorce. The difficulty is that they are often a lot more complicated due to several key issues that can affect how the matrimonial assets are worked out and divided:

  • Liquidity: often assets held within a farm are tied up and not easily realisable.
  • Farming families can be capital-rich but income poor.
  • Inherited assets/generational farms for example, if the farm has been handed down through the generations and is to be preserved for the next.
  • Any impact upon third parties, for example, parents, sisters and brothers who may live on or be involved in the ownership or running of the farm.
  • A reliance upon farm subsidies affect the revenue of the farm.
  • The existence of family farm trusts and/or complex ownership structures.
  • Tax, such as capital gains tax and/or inheritance tax.

With such complicated assets and structures, it is crucial to instruct a solicitor that is a specialist in dealing with farming divorces and who has a good understanding of agriculture and how farms work.

What factors are considered in the divorce?

One of the biggest questions running through these types of cases is “what the parties’ needs are and how can they be met?”

The starting point is to define the assets and then look at how to share those assets built up during the marriage.  The Courts ultimately have wide discretion in order to achieve fairness. Fair, however, does not necessarily mean equal and farming cases do merit special consideration including:

Inherited assets are often treated differently and are not subject to the sharing principle in the same way.

A farm owned by the wider family, with siblings and/or parents, will require careful thought as Courts are reluctant to damage the livelihoods of other third parties.

If there are enough liquid assets to go around, the Court can depart from equality in order to protect any inherited element.

How to protect your farm

If you are not married, consider a prenup agreement to evidence what is intended from a financial point of view if the marriage ends. This will save time, stress and money in the future. It is also possible to put assets in trust for future generations.

Expert in farming divorce cases. 

Within the Stowe team, we have a number of experts in farming divorce cases and have acted in a number of high-value cases with a successful track record for clients, both litigated and negotiated.

We understand the unique difficulties farming cases bring and work in partnership with third parties including land and agricultural valuers’ and our expert in-house accountancy team to get the right team and strategy in place.

The blog team at Stowe is a group of writers based across our family law offices who share their advice on the wellbeing and emotional aspects of divorce or separation from personal experience. As well as pieces from our family law solicitors, guest contributors also regularly contribute to share their knowledge.

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As the UK's largest family law firm we understand that every case is personal.

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