If you are divorced or permanently separated from your partner, it is worthwhile considering whether you would be entitled to any benefits now that you are living as a single person and/or solo parent.
Financial concerns are natural when a relationship breaks down and you choose to separate. You may find yourself in the situation where you need extra support financially and there is a range of benefits that you may be entitled to that can help:
You may want to check whether you are now eligible for claiming Universal Credit, particularly if you are on a low income or looking for work.
Universal Credit can provide financial support for housing, children costs and childcare.
Universal Credit replaces previous benefits including income support, jobseeker’s allowance, child tax credit, working tax credit and housing benefit.
There are several different ways Universal Credit may be able to assist with housing costs whether you are a renting or a homeowner which you can discuss further with your Local Council.
Already claiming Universal Credit?
Please contact the Department of Work and Pensions (DWP) or HMRC if you were previously claiming benefits and your partner leaves the family home to update them on your situation.
Jobseekers Allowance (JSA)
There is a new type of JSA which you may be eligible for if you are available to work and have paid enough National Insurance contributions in the past two years before claiming.
This would be in addition to Universal Credit and can provide extra help in paying for housing costs and childcare costs.
Employment and Support Allowance (ESA)
If your ability to work is affected by an illness or disability you should check whether you are eligible for ESA. This benefit is affected by the amount of National Insurance contributions you have previously made.
Council tax reductions
You may be eligible for a single person’s discount on your council tax bill. Please contact your local council and inform them about your change of circumstances and whether this discount would apply to you.
Additionally, if you are already in receipt of Universal Credit, you may be entitled to some further funds to help you pay your council tax.
Child benefit should be paid to the main carer of the child/children. If you were already receiving child benefit, you may need to update your details as it is worth noting that child benefit can only be paid to one parent.
If previously you or your partner were earning more than £50,000, but your income has now dropped below that threshold as a single parent and main carer, please contact the child benefit office to alert them of your change of circumstances.
If you have previously not claimed child benefit but are the main carer, you should consider making a claim for payment as soon as possible.
You should receive child maintenance from the other parent if the children live with you more than 50% of the time.
The effect of child maintenance on benefit payments
Child maintenance should not affect the other benefits that you receive as it is not counted as income for means-tested benefits.
Help with housing costs if divorcing/separating
If you are in rented accommodation and need financial support you will need to make a claim for the housing costs element of Universal Credit.
If you already receive housing benefit and your partner moves out you need to contact your local authority to tell them about your change in circumstances.
If you have a mortgage and become in receipt of certain means-tested benefits such as Universal Credit you might be able to claim Support for Mortgage Interest (SMI). SMI is paid as a loan, which you have to pay back.
Adjusting to living apart, or as two separate parents can be an emotionally and financially stressful time. Please do make sure you are seeking the right support that you need. Below is a list of organisations and charities that can offer further advice and support.
Get in touch
If you would like any advice on if you are entitled to any benefits if you are separating, divorce or other family law issues please do contact our Client Care Team to speak to one of our specialist divorce lawyers here.
Child Maintenance Options
0800 988 0988
Provides information on your options for setting up child maintenance payments.
England: 08444 111 444
Wales: 08444 77 20 20
Information and advice on a wide range of issues including benefits and tax credits.
Civil Legal Advice
0345 345 4345
Can assess your eligibility for legal aid and signpost to local sources of help.
Step Change Debt Charity
0800 138 1111
Charity providing free, independent debt advice and debt management plans.
Telephone: 0800 055 6688
Textphone: 0800 023 4888
To make a new claim for benefits.
Money Advice Service
England: 0800 138 7777
Wales: 0800 138 0555
Typetalk: 18001 0300 500
Free, independent advice on money and budgeting.
Child Benefit Helpline
0300 200 3100
For information about child benefit, to report a change of circumstances and to make a claim.
Tax Credit Helpline
0345 300 3900
For information about tax credits, to report a change in circumstances and to make a claim.