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The opposite of a narcissist. When a narcissist meets an echoist…

We have all heard of the narcissist. In fact, I have written an article recently on how to identify if you are married to one on this blog.

Throughout my years advising clients I have encountered many cases where the narcissist behaviours of one party have dominated the whole relationship leading to an unhappy and unhealthy marriage.

But what of the people married or in a relationship with a narcissist? It’s time to meet the echoist; not an officially recognised condition but a term that was popularised in the 2016 book Rethinking Narcissism by Craig Malkin and is gaining momentum.

Now, I shall start with the caveat that not all echoists are in relationships with narcissists. That would be too simplistic. However, the two personality types are intrinsically linked.

What is an echoist?

In a nutshell, an echoist is the opposite of a narcissist. Consider the following statements:

Narcissist: Look at what you did wrong? The narcissist copes by blaming everyone else.
Echoist: What did I do wrong? The echoist copes by blaming themselves – the complete opposite of a narcissist.

An echoist is someone who puts everyone else’s needs and feelings first and at the expense of their own. People pleasers, they cannot bear praise and hate being the centre of attention. They don’t like to talk about themselves but are great listeners. They blame themselves when things go wrong regardless of where the fault lies.

All in all, a perfect mix for a narcissist who will seek out (consciously or subconsciously) people that verify their importance and allow them to dominate with minimal return required. A narcissist may often arrive on the scene as the rescuer, but this never plays out to be the case.

However, an echoist is not a doormat. Smart, intelligent, kind and warm-hearted people, they are often more emotionally sensitive and aware than others. They are the ones that always pick up on a bad atmosphere in the room or an underlying argument.

Many people root the development of echoist behaviours forming in childhood with a dominating narcissist parent or family member creating a learnt behaviour that they must repress their own feelings to be loved; that they must give everything and accept very little back. Imagine a parent that erupts over the smallest of things and it is never their fault. In the end, you would learn to anticipate the situation and change your behaviour to avoid it.

Echoists and relationships

An echoist can easily get stuck in an unhealthy relationship where they feel unworthy, unlovable and everything is their fault. This can quickly cause anxiety, depression and loss of hope as they struggle with connection and expressing their needs.

They can easily lose their voice, their sense of self. I have seen many clients at the start of the divorce process that try to take up as little space in the world as possible, ask for as little as possible and put themselves at a very long line of other people.

But it can change, and I have seen the results myself.

New beginnings

Before I turn to what can be done I would like to express that if you are in an abusive relationship you must seek help immediately. I have detailed some useful links at the end of the article.

Counselling can certainly help here. An echoist needs to start to understand feelings and feel them – not fear them. Emotions such as anger and resentment are all perfectly normal emotions. By accepting them, you learn to voice them and start to develop more equal relationships where you can say you are not happy and ask for things.

An echoist also needs to learn to question situations and break the default that it is all their fault, or they are too sensitive. Ask yourself what am I getting from this relationship? Why is it making me feel sad or lonely? Healthy relationships create a space for vulnerability.

You can unlearn bad habits with professional support, time and the desire to break the old relationship patterns to get your voice back.

If you are affected by anything in this article then here are some useful resources:

Woman’s aid
The Echo Society

Our guide to counselling and emotional support during divorce

Julian is Stowe Family Law’s Senior Partner and is based in our Leeds office. Julian has extensive experience in all aspects of family law particularly in complex financial disputes. He has been with the firm for over 20 years and has a reputation for his strategic thinking and ability to cut through to the key issues and solve the most intractable of cases.

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As the UK's largest family law firm we understand that every case is personal.


  1. Stitchedup says:

    Perhaps you should take a look at the article in the link Julian and reference it as a web resource. A much more balance view than will get from visiting the Woman’s Aid website I’m sure.

  2. Kishori Faldu says:

    Julian thanks for summarising the behaviour of an echoists. I am one of them and in a relationship with a narcissist. I have been with him for 13 yeas and I have alway blamed myself overtime he is upset of has a mood swing because the situation did not turn out to be his way.
    He has controlled me from having any inter action with my ex-husband ever for my kids.
    However he had several affairs and got diagnosed with HIV on
    8 December 2018, he want to move in with his mistress in our marital home. While I was away visiting my mom’s sister in India she stayed in to my house. Upon arriving in UK I discover that she was still at my house. Things got out of hand and I was asked to leave the house by the police. The policy told me that I had to leave as he wanted to stay with her and the house is in his sole name.
    When I told him that I could not stay at friends and families houses indefinitely. He told me that I can’t come back, I then found out that her children had come to visit her. They moved all my personal belonging to the shed and the single bedroom.
    He is currently in Denmark I went to the house to check my letters to find that even our dog’s sofa in the living room had been removed.
    I don’t want to lose my self respect or dignity over this situation, however he owes me a lot of money which he lost in e Toro trading. He recently got fired from his high paid job.
    He has also been arrested for hitting me 3 days after he arrived in this country in 2008 and several times in India when I used to visit him. He also blackmailed me that he would send my nude pictures to my office if I left him. He broke all the parole rules and still came to my place when he was in detention until the court hearing. He called several of my office colleagues and told them never to speak to me again or he would ruin them.
    Would you be able to consider giving me advise in the best way forward. I want to be free from him and move on in my life. His mistress is more them welcome to have him.

    • Kate Nestor says:

      Sorry to hear of your situation. I have passed your details to one of our client care team who will get in touch with you shortly.

  3. Georgie says:

    Thank you for your blogs.
    Domestic abuse is not defined by gender, men can be abused too can we add Mankind and I agree with the first comment that Psychology Today may have a more balanced view

    • Mrs. Shah says:

      Dear Julian

      I haven’t yet read anything regarding narcissism on any law websites.
      Thankyou for addressing this topic with such an expert explanation.
      Something about me: Married for 17 years, brought into the country for domestic servitude, have nobody in this country. I am religious and peace loving person. My husband- very authoritative, was a Union leader, has 5 properties, 2 sons in their 30’s from his previous marriage. I have no rights, he’s threatened ample times, hence my name as a wife doesn’t appear anywhere !
      I faced an insultive, abusive, rejected and ignored relationship full of verbal abuses and mental torture. Reason: his sons, their demands, their problems, his ex pressurising him for financial help………So I was treated like a punching bag. No connection, affection or communication in our relationship. We are both senior citizens. After reading and studying narcissist behaviour for last 3 years, I understood his gaslighting, jealousy, revengeful, manipulative and constant lying attitude. He rejected my divorce in 2019, made ample promises, nothing in black and white, knowing my forgiving nature, was on bail for 3 months. But after 15 months, he is back to square one…..playing his game very cautiously. ….Very secretive about his finances, speaking to his family in my absence, subtle forms of insults continue, manipulation continue.
      I have lost my courage, self confidence, self esteem and that is exactly what he wanted. Get brain fog…….I was never allowed to work, as that was not the reason of bringing me to this country.
      Can you suggest anyone in your team for acute guidance please?

      Once again kindly accept my gratitude for all the knowledgeable blogs and so much information on Stowe website.
      Wishing Stowe and its magnificent team a prosperous and successful new year.

      • Sally Shakespeare says:

        Hello Mrs Shah. Thank you for your kind comments. I am passing your enquiry on to our Client Care Team who will be in touch. Best Wishes.

  4. Angie says:

    Do you have any recommendations for an attorney in the state of Montana who would understand this dynamic as you do. I feel you as an attorney are a rare jewel that is needed in so many places.

  5. Dr. Syed Ahmed says:

    this is sorrow when a marriage becomes unhappy and unhealthy. For enjoying marriage life it should be a happy and healthy life for both.

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